pleural diseases


Pleural diseases encompass a range of conditions that affect the pleural space, which is the space between the lungs and the chest wall. Some of the common types of pleural diseases include:

Pleural Effusion: This occurs when excess fluid accumulates in the pleural space. It can be caused by infections, heart/ liver / kidney disease, malignancies, and other conditions.

Empyema: It is a type of pleural effusion that contains pus due to a bacterial infection , TB in the pleural space.

Pneumothorax: This happens when air accumulates in the pleural space, causing the lung to collapse partially or completely.

Pleural Infections: Infections like pneumonia or tuberculosis can spread to the pleural space, leading to conditions like empyema or tuberculous pleurisy.

Malignant Pleural Effusion/ Pleural Tumors: It occurs when cancer spreads to the pleural space, causing fluid accumulation.

Management of pleural diseases depends on the underlying cause and the severity of the condition. Diagnostic procedures such as chest X-rays, ultrasound, CT scans, and thoracentesis (aspiration of fluid) may be performed to determine the cause and extent of the pleural disease.

Treatment options include:

Thoracentesis: The aspiration of excess fluid or pus from the pleural space can help relieve symptoms and aid in diagnosis.

Chest Tube Insertion/ ICDT : For more extensive or persistent fluid accumulation, a chest tube may be inserted to drain the fluid and allow the lung to re-expand.

Thoracoscopy: In some cases, a minimally invasive procedure called thoracoscopy or video-assisted thoracoscopic may be required. It allows direct visualization of the pleural space, biopsy of suspicious lesions, and drainage of fluid or pus. thoracoscpy able to diagnose and treat pleural diseases with approximate 100% accuracy

Pleurodesis: This procedure involves the use of chemicals or substances to induce the pleural membranes to adhere together, preventing recurrent pleural effusions.

Medications: Antibiotics are used to treat pleural infections, while other medications may be prescribed to manage underlying conditions contributing to pleural diseases. It's great to hear that Dr. Maan is recognized as an excellent thoracoscopist in Rajasthan, known for providing accurate and effective treatment for pleural problems. Thoracoscopy, is endoscopic procedure through chest wall into pleural space , is a minimally invasive procedure that allows direct visualization of the pleural space and the organs within it. It has become an important advancement in the management of various pleural diseases.